Past Perfect Tense (Pengertian, Rumus, Contoh Kalimat)

Past perfect tense merupakan bentuk waktu untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang telah selesai sebelum perbuatan lain dilakukan di masa lalu.

Bentuk Nominal
Rumus:
(+): S + had + been
(-): S + had + not + been
(?): Had + S + been

Contoh kalimat:
(+): He had been here. (Dia sudah berada di sini.)
(-): He had not been here. (Dia sudah tidak berada di sini.)
(?): Had he been here? (Apakah dia sudah berada di sini?

(+): He had been at school. (Dia sudah berada di sekolah.)
(-): He had not been at school. (Dia sudah tidak berada di sekolah.)
(?): Had he been at school? (Apakah dia sudah berada di sekolah?)

(+): Se had been sick before he was unconscious. (Dia sudah sakit sebelum dia tak sadarkan diri.)
(-): He had not been sick before he was unconscious. (Dia belum sakit sebelum dia tak sadarkan diri.)
(?): Had he been sick before he was unconscious? (Apakah dia sudah sakit sebelum dia tak sadarkan diri?

Bentuk Verbal
Rumus:
(+): S + had + Verb III
(-): S + had + not + Verb III
(?): Had + S + Verb III

Contoh kalimat:
(+): She had slept before her friend came. (Dia sudah tidur sebelum temannya datang.)
(-): She had not slept before her friend came. (Dia belum tidur sebelum temannya datang.)
(?): Had she slept before her friend came? (Apakah dia sudah tidur sebelum temannya datang?)

(+): Herman had arrived before Mulyadi arrived. (Herman sudah sampai sebelum Mulyadi sampai.)
(-): Herman had not arrived before Mulyadi arrived. (Herman belum sampai sebelum Mulyadi sampai.)
(?): Had Herman arrived before Mulyadi arrived? (Apakah Herman sudah sampai sebelum Mulyadi sampai?)

(+): Dino had gone to the airport before Dani woke up. (Dino sudah pergi ke bandara sebelum Dani bangun tidur.)
(-): Dino had not gone to the airport before Dani woke up. (Dino belum pergi ke bandara sebelum Dani bangun tidur.)
(?): Had Dino gone to the airport before Dani woke up? (Apakah Dino sudah pergi ke bandara sebelum Dani bangun tidur?)

Tanda Waktu (Time Signal)
Berikut ini tanda waktu yang dapat digunakan dalam past perfect tense.

– before (sebelum)
– after (sesudah)
– as soon as (secepat)
– until (hingga)

Penggunaan Past Perfect Tense
1) Untuk menyatakan perbuatan yang telah selesai terjadi di masa lalu sebelum perbuatan lainnya di masa lalu terjadi.

Contoh: He had finished his homework before he slept last night. (Dia telah selesai menyelesaikan pekerjaan rumahnya sebelum dia tidur tadi malam.)

2) Digunakan dalam conditional sentece type 3. (Lihat entri tentang conditional sentences)

3) Untuk menunjukkan frekuensi suatu perbuatan atau kejadian di masa lalu.

Contoh: He had visited this place twice. (Dia telah mengunjungi tempat ini dua kali.)

Demikian ulasan tentang past perfect tense.

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